Needlework

Needlework is a generalised umbrella term for any craft involving the use of a needle.  The craft covers many disciplines;

Embroidery
Embroidery uses fine threads are used to create intricate designs using a wide range of delicate stitches.
The fabric is usually held taught using a frame or hoop.
Embroidery techniques fall into seven categories;

Mountmellick Whitework Embroidery

Mountmellick Whitework Embroidery

*Blackwork
*Whitework
*Jacobean Crewelwork
*Goldwork
*Silk shading
*Stumpwork (raised work)
*Canvaswork (Needlepoint) often incorrectly referred to as tapestry.

More information
Royal School of Needlwork - The International Centre of Excellence for the Art of Hand Embroidery

 
 

Quilting
Quilting is sometimes referred to as patchwork or piece work.  A particular sewing technique used to bond 2 or more layers of fabric together.  The top layer is often made of small pieces of different fabric sewn together to make a larger piece of cloth.
Used to create large items such as bed covers, clothing, accessories or art works.
Whilst quilting used to be done by hand, most is now done using a sewing machine.

Patchwork quilt

Patchwork quilt

Appliqué
Appliqué is the term used when small shapes of fabric, felt or leather are sewn onto a background fabric using a special stitch which remains hidden under the attached piece or using a decorative stitch by hand or machine which remains on top of the applied piece.
Although appliqué is used for varying projects, it is closely associated with quilting.

More information
The Quilters' Guild - The Quilters’ Guild is the national organisation for people involved in patchwork and quilting

 

Cross Stitch
Stitches which form a cross are worked on fabric with an even weave such as Aida or

Simple counted cross stitch design

Simple counted cross stitch design

linen.
The design is usually counted and worked from a chart onto unmarked fabric, although some designs can be worked onto a pre printed image on the cloth.

More information
The Cross Stitch Guild - All you need to know about any counted stitch work including cross stitch, hemstitch, Hardanger, pulled thread and more.

 
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